A Chinese LGBT activist has lost her legal bid to get a university textbook corrected for describing gay people as suffering from a “common psychosexual disorder”. 

China stopped classifying homosexuality as a mental illness in 2001, but its mostly closeted LGBT population still encounters discrimination and lacks legal safeguards.

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This photo taken on August 23, 2020 shows Xixi, a 23-year-old Chinese LGBT activist who uses a pseudonym and who is suing a Chinese publisher for homophobic material in a government-approved textbook, holding a list of evidence for her case in Hong Kong. Photo: May James/AFP.

So Xixi, who uses a pseudonym, resorted to consumer protection laws in an effort to prove the Jinan University Press book contained more errors than permitted, and was therefore not suitable for sale to the public.

The 23-year-old hired a proofreader and claimed that, including typos and other infelicities, 0.19 percent of the book was inaccurate — almost double the level allowed by law.

But after a three-year effort and an eventual court hearing, the case was thrown out.

“I feel sad. I don’t know how to handle the disappointment suffered by the whole of our community,” Xixi told AFP from Hong Kong, where she is currently based, adding she would appeal.

The verdict is a blow to China’s LGBT community, many of whom say they have been facing mounting pressure in recent years.

Last month the country’s longest-running LGBT group, ShanghaiPRIDE, said it was stopping all its activities and events for safety reasons.

Xixi, who is originally from Guangdong in southern China, says she has experienced homophobia throughout her time in the Chinese education system from teachers, classmates and in teaching materials.

“The entire social atmosphere of mainland China is incredibly homophobic,” she said.

lgbt gay Pride Parade 2019.
File photo: Hong Kong Pride Parade 2019.

The case is the second unsuccessful legal battle against homophobic textbooks in recent years, after LGBT student activist Qiu Bai repeatedly — but unsuccessfully — sued the education ministry.

Some LGBT-related lawsuits have won in China, including the landmark case of a transgender woman who sued her employer for discrimination, after being fired for taking leave to undergo gender reassignment surgery.

“If more LGBT people are willing to stand up for their rights, this will further increase their visibility in society, and people’s awareness of sexual minorities will slowly change, hopefully for the better,” said Xixi’s lawyer Yu Liying.

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