HKFP has an impartial stance, transparent funding, and balanced coverage guided by an Ethics Code and Corrections Policy. We meet 100% of Newsguard’s credibility criteria.

Mission & Coverage Priorities:

Our mission: HKFP’s goal is to be the most credible, impartial and independent news outlet on Hong Kong affairs, and to help safeguard press freedom in the city. We seek to amplify the voices of the voiceless whilst bridging the gap between the Chinese and English language.

Coverage priorities: We prioritise Hong Kong matters in our coverage, followed by China, Taiwan and Macau. In our coverage, we give special attention to under-represented, underprivileged or marginalised communities, such as issues facing low-income, ethnic or sexual minorities. HKFP has ten full-time staff – half of our audience is Hong Kong-based, whilst the rest reside overseas.

Professional Practice:

10 Guiding Principles

  1. Management will ensure the safety of HKFP staff as a guiding, overriding concern in all of our work.
  2. We should provide accurate, balanced and impartial news coverage, and correct errors quickly and transparently, upholding our Ethics Code.
  3. We should not misrepresent information or quotes and we must report truthfully. We should be transparent about our sources of information. We will never submit a story to a source for vetting.
  4. We are answerable to only readers – our independence means we are able to resist to censorship and self-censorship. As such, our language must be free of bias, influence and prejudice.
  5. We should honour the trust of our sources and protect their confidentiality. We should seek their informed consent and never knowingly jeopardise their safety.
  6. We should respect the presumption of innocence.
  7. We should take care when dealing with victims or relatives who are grieving to avoid further trauma. We must seek parental consent when interviewing and taking photos of children.
  8. We do not use subterfuge or manipulation to gather news unless an editor has approved an undercover investigation. We must identify ourselves as HKFP journalists unless in exceptional, pre-approved circumstances or if there is a risk to safety.
  9. We do not pay sources or use information gathered for personal benefit or financial gain.
  10. We should be as transparent about our funding as possible. We will retain reserves to ensure the longevity of HKFP as a permanent fixture in the media landscape in the face of legal or existential uncertainty.


HKFP’s Code of Ethics is an evolving document that was first adopted by the team on March 11, 2020, to govern all future reporting practices. As a public service news outlet, our code is shared publicly in the interests of transparency. We wish to thank Agence-France Presse, who allowed HKFP to use their guidelines as a basis for our first draft.


  • We have a responsibility to the public to report the facts without deliberate omissions or selective use of material. Headlines and leads should match the body of the article and should not give a false impression of the story. Similarly, photographs and videos should not be staged or edited in a way that misleads viewers. Other multimedia such as graphics should be scaled correctly and sources should be presented transparently.
  • We must not passively restate material given to us; instead, we should challenge our sources and fact-check their statements. We can accurately quote a person or organisation but should highlight any inaccuracies and contradictions made in their comments.
  • We must not be influenced by publicity, hype, or promotional material. We should not exaggerate information and should be conservative when using superlatives such as “best,” “worst,” “biggest,” and “smallest.” In turn, we should not downplay information that is inconvenient to our story or readers, nor ignore stories of public interest.
  • We must be meticulous in our reporting, including in our use of names and statistics. We have a duty to discern facts from conjecture to ensure our readers have access to the right information. We must not report rumours or unverified information – such as online chatter – and must verify material to the highest standard.

Analysis & Opinion

  • External parties writing for our Opinion section should be mindful of our ethics code and standards, and must link to sources where applicable.
  • HKFP is an impartial platform & does not necessarily share the views of opinion writers,. We present a diversity of views and regularly invite figures across the political spectrum to write for us.
  • HKFP itself is impartial and does not express an opinion, nor share editorials.
  • Press freedom is guaranteed under the Basic Law, security law, Bill of Rights and Chinese constitution. Opinion pieces aim to point out errors or defects in the government, law or policies, or aim to suggest ideas or alterations via legal means without an intention of hatred, discontent or hostility against the authorities or other communities.
  • Insight and analysis are an important part of our job, but we must take care to present them in a neutral manner so as to not reflect our own viewpoint. We should seek a range of analysis from trustworthy experts and avoid relying on one speaker to fit any angle or narrative.

Anonymity (unnamed sources)

  • We should be as transparent as possible in our reporting, and only use unnamed sources when we have no other way of obtaining information in the public interest. The use of anonymous sources should be an exception, not the rule.
  • We should explain to readers why we could not identify a source, and – if a pseudonym is granted – we must declare it in the first instance.
  • We should seek to tell readers as much as possible about why we protected a source, avoiding attributing information to simply “a source.” Instead, for instance, we may refer to “a senior figure at the university familiar with the drafting of the policy,” or “a civil servant who was present at the departmental meeting.”
  • Reasons we may grant confidentiality include concerns over safety, job security, or due to legal reasons relating to ongoing court cases.
  • The identity of sources granted confidentiality are always known to the HKFP reporter and disclosed to editors. Our team may request extra verification to corroborate their identity and the information provided. For example, we would ask that a whistle-blower at a company accused of corruption shares evidence, along with their company ID and business card via an encrypted channel.
  • Reporters must request, and explain, the use of anonymous sources in advance with an editor. Reporters should immediately report to an editor any incidents in which they may be pressured to reveal a source, or if there is a breach of confidentiality.
  • When we publish a story including an unnamed source,
  • Contributing writers to HKFP should use their real names on the grounds of accountability.


  • Sources must not be provided with a copy of content we are set to publish.
  • We do not submit a text of an interview or quotes for vetting and approval, but we can contact an individual to confirm or clarify quotes or factual points, and can consider requests to do so depending on the sensitivity of the story. An exception to our vetting rules may be allowed when it comes to clearly marked as “Paid Content.” (See also: Paid-for content).
  • The promise of copy approval should not be used as a method to secure interviews or information. If an interviewee requests questions in advance, only a broad idea of potential topics may be supplied at HKFP’s discretion.

Artificial Intelligence tools

  • As of 2023, news stories written with generative A.I. have been proven to introduce undeclared errors or “hallucinated” content, as well as produce biased, outdated or plagiarised content. Few A.I. tools include proper sourcing or attribution information, therefore HKFP will not currently be adopting generative A.I. for any news writing, image generation or fact-checking. Nor will we quote such bots as a source. Our audience must be assured that HKFP’s output is the work of our journalists and freelancers, and not a third-party technology.
  • We may nevertheless use internally-approved A.I. tools for grammar/spell checking, for rewording/summarising existing text written by our team, and for assisting with translations, transcriptions, or for research. Specifically, we may make use of trusted A.I. tools that have been exclusively trained on HKFP’s archive, or may consult them for story/interview question ideas, or for assistance with coding, mathematical tasks or data crunching. Owing to the technology’s aforementioned limitations, we will confirm and double-check AI-generated output. (See also: Quotes and translations)

Balance and Fairness

  • We must strive to include balance in our news reporting, with efforts to include views from different sides of the story or political spectrum. (See also: False equivalence.)
  • HKFP reporters should seek comment or reaction from individuals or entitles which are facing accusations of wrongdoing as part of their “right of reply.” A reasonable time to respond should be given – a single unanswered email or phone call is not enough. If we are unable to reach a person in time, we should say so in our story and continue to try to reach them after publication, updating the article if we obtain a reaction.

Bylines, Datelines and News Agencies

  • In the interests of transparency and accountability, all of our news reports carry the reporter’s name, biography and a headshot – or a joint byline if two journalists were equally involved. If there are uncertainties relating to safety or security, we may obfuscate the reporter’s name with the use of an HKFP staff byline. If a report was a team effort, we will state their names at the top of the article. If a colleague had a minor role in a report, we will add their name at the bottom as “additional reporting.” (See also: Anonymity.)
  • All of our on-the-ground reporting is generated in Hong Kong. As Hong Kong is a city-state, and since HKFP has no staff or bureaus elsewhere in the world, we do not include datelines.
  • HKFP carries news agency copy from Agence France-Press (AFP), which describes itself as “a leading global news agency providing fast, comprehensive and verified coverage of the events shaping our world and of the issues affecting our daily lives.” HKFP relies on AFP, and its international bureaus, to cover topics we cannot. Their articles appear under the AFP byline. When AFP name their reporters (such as in longer feature pieces) or include a dateline, we will ensure they are included at the top of the article in bold/italics.


  • We must deal with complaints quickly, calmly and appropriately when we believe they have some justification and a reply is warranted. (See also: Errors.)
  • If a complaint refers to potential legal issues such as libel, defamation or an infringement of the law, we must ensure the complaint is made in writing and refer the matter to editors to handle before responding. Staff must not enter into a correspondence with the person concerned beyond acknowledging receipt of the complaint – for legal reasons, it must be dealt with by a manager.
  • HKFP will resist requests to remove content from its archive without legal justification, except in extreme circumstances such as proven safety concerns.


  • We have a responsibility to protect sources, staff, freelancers and fixers and never knowingly put them in harm’s way – this duty extends to guarding against digital surveillance.
  • HKFP reporters should never turn over documents, recordings, pictures or videos to a third party. If they are compelled to do so by the authorities, they must consult an editor who will seek legal advice.

Covering HKFP

  • We can refer to our own staff in stories but must indicate that they work for HKFP.
  • Occasionally, we must report on ourselves. With such coverage, we must apply the same standards of balance and impartiality, such as including opposing views when necessary. Reports about HKFP should be approved by senior editors before publication. If a story relates to a specific staff member, or if they are quoted, they should not write the article. We should not use anonymous sources in stories about HKFP.
  • It is acceptable to give prominence to our own winners when covering journalism awards.


  • We must take special care when interviewing, photographing or filming children (individuals aged under 18) who may be unprepared for dealing with the media. We should identify ourselves and explain our purpose in language they can understand.
  • We should seek permission from a parent, guardian, teacher or another responsible individual, preferably in writing. If this is impractical – such as with reports of breaking news, disasters or conflicts – reporters must judge the value of the story and inform their seniors before publishing without parental consent. Any major intrusion into children’s lives must have a sound public interest justification.
  • We must consider whether the story will harm or embarrass children in the future and, when appropriate, take measures to obscure their identities for their protection.


  • Data mined must be thoroughly checked for accuracy and from a reliable source. It must be presented in a transparent and neutral way that does not indicate bias.


  • During election cycles, we must deliver impartial coverage and give voice to all candidates irrespective of personal political beliefs or democratic restrictions imposed by the authorities. Our opinions or personal relationships should not influence or bleed into our work or coverage selection. Neither HKFP nor staff should openly express specific support for any candidate, including on personal, public social media accounts.
  • We can quote a candidate on a statement but take care not to amplify discriminatory or defamatory comments without giving the right of reply to opponents. We should challenge erroneous statistics or unverified rumours.
  • Opinion poll coverage should be restricted to respected institutions that have allocated significant resources to the study and should include information on methodology, the date and number of people interviewed.


  • We are ethically obliged to honour embargoes once we agree to handle a story. Breaking an embargo could deprive us of receiving information from the material’s authors in the future. HKFP reporters should consult editors if they believe there is an urgent reason for publishing the story ahead of time. If another outlet breaks the embargo or releases elements of the material under an “exclusive” tag, we are no longer obliged to comply with the embargo.


  • We must not promote or endorse commercial products and interests of contributors on our platforms unless it is in our readers’ interest, or an advertorial marked as “Paid Content.” We may report on product launches in an impartial manner if they are of genuine interest but we must be cautious not to blindly repeat manufacturers’ claims without checking the veracity of the statement. We should provide context and information about competitors. (See also: Paid-for Content).

Errors & Corrections Policy

False Equivalence

  • We should not give false equivalence to both sides of an issue when one is demonstrably false, such as climate change denial .

Grief, Trauma and Suicide

  • We must take care when reporting on personal grief, shock or trauma.
  • When reporting on death, we must seek confirmation by officials or an authorised spokesperson with direct knowledge of the situation. We must ensure we know how the source has knowledge of the death to avoid reporting hearsay. If a trustworthy media outlet reports the death of a public figure using an identified source, we can pick up the story with approval from editors and cite the outlet. Otherwise, independent confirmation must be sought, as we seek to ensure the news is known to the immediate family first.
  • We follow the Hong Kong Journalists Association guidelines on reporting on suicide. We should avoid excessive detail about the method used in suicide, and should avoid publishing before official confirmation of the suicide, oversimplifying or speculating about the reason behind it. We must avoid sensationalising details in the headline or story, over-emphasising the problem of suicide as an “epidemic,” or prominently placing stories related to a suicide death on our platforms. At the bottom of any story involving suicide, we should include a link to a website or hotline which supports people at risk. We should not say a person “committed suicide,” which is a dated reference to when suicide was criminalised. We may instead state that a person “took their own life,” “killed themselves,” or “died by suicide.”
  • False or careless reporting on death can cause unnecessary distress and is damaging to HKFP’s reputation. Enquiries must be made with sensitivity and publication handled with care. We avoid “death knocks” and should not intrude into a grieving person’s privacy unless they indicate a desire to talk.
  • We must not directly or indirectly identify sexual assault victims unless permission has been granted and we are legally able to do so. Reporters must consult editors if they believe there is reasonable justification to identify victims.
  • On stories relating to domestic violence or abuse, we will include links to a support website or hotline information.

Graphic Imagery

  • We must consider carefully when and how we present graphic images or video. Editors must consider whether it adds to the understanding of a story, and should resist including something simply to appeal to morbid interest. We will usually pixelate or exclude instances of dismembered limbs, mutilated bodies, executions, or the moment of death. We must consider whether imagery may cause distress to viewers or the victim’s family or damage the dignity of those involved.
  • We must add a prominent warning for viewers if we choose to publish graphic content of a violent, disturbing or sexual nature. We may also place such content in a “click to view” enclosure.
  • Staff are encouraged to enquire about HKFP’s mental health options and read the Dart Center’s resources on handling graphic imagery.

Hate Speech and Incitement to Violence

  • We must be careful when repeating offensive language such as hate speech, racial slurs, derogatory comments and incitements to violence unless there is genuine editorial reason to do so—for example, when it involves a public figure. We should put the comments into context and solicit reactions. We should warn our audience about the content of the speech. Such reports should be submitted to senior editors for approval.
  • We do not censor profane language when, on rare occasions, they are used in the context of news reporting. However, we will obfuscate them from headlines, or on social media where they may be accidentally encountered.

HKFP Email and Devices

  • HKFP employees should only use their HKFP email account for work-related correspondence unless doing so would compromise the safety or confidentiality of a source. All professional communication and interactions with HKFP software and content should be carried out through a secure HKFP phone or laptop. Any other personal correspondence should be carried out using a personal email account or device.


  • We must explain the circumstances of the interview and lay out ground rules, such as speaking on the record, to those concerned from the outset. We should bear in mind that not all interviewees may understand the differences between different levels of attribution – thus, we should explain where necessary. (See also: Approval).
  • We should not mislead readers into thinking an interview was conducted face-to-face when it was done electronically. In order to avoid this, we should state how it was done—for example, by telephone, Skype, email or WhatsApp messenger.
  • We must respect the law, as to avoid reputational damage and lengthy, expensive legal action, and must not resort to illicit means such as theft, hacking or electronic surveillance to obtain information. If in the public interest, under the principles of legally guaranteed press freedom, we can report on documents of a questionable legal origin such as leaked classified material with the approval of editors, but we must take care so as to not open ourselves up to potential legal action. (See also: Security Law).
  • We must respect the presumption of innocence – this means we avoid suggestions that an arrested or charged person is guilty. And as to avoid being held in contempt of court, we also cannot suggest an arrested or charged person is not guilty. (See also: HKFP’s court reporting guides).
  • Staff should keep files, notes and correspondences relating to important stories for seven years unless an editor agrees there are safety risks involved.

Race, Religion, Sexual Orientation, Disability and Identity

  • We do not mention someone’s race, religion, sexual orientation or disability unless it is pertinent to the story. For instance, we do not mention a criminal suspect’s ethnic background unless it is a relevant descriptor in identifying them.
  • However, we can mention a person’s nationality, age and profession. We can also describe an individual’s appearance as part of the story, however, we must avoid using stereotypes such as “sexy” or defamatory terms such as “ugly.”
  • A person whose gender identity differs from the sex they were assigned at birth is known as transgender. We respect a person’s preferred pronouns if they indicate such a desire. We say sexual “orientation,” not “preference.” (See also: HKFP’s Style Guide).


  • In a time of fast-paced digital information sharing, we have a responsibility to avoid spreading rumours and should be diligent in attempting to authenticate information. When we cannot, we should state: “HKFP has been unable to independently verify the claim.” We should be careful with our language, for example, “a bystander said they saw the arrest” instead of “a bystander saw the arrest.”
  • We can report on stock market reactions to rumours but should try to verify with concerned parties – for example, checking a takeover bid with relevant companies. If we are unable to do so, we should highlight that the rumour is unverified. We should take steps to protect the identities of market sources who confirm rumours as they may be liable to regulatory or legal action whilst reporters are not, though we should approach their information with the appropriate scepticism.

HKFP often works with carefully selected and relevant advertisers who wish to reach our audience or support our mission. Content which is paid-for is clearly marked in the interests of transparency, and advertisers never have any influence over our news output. As of August 1, 2023, we also disclose who, or which entity, paid for the content at the bottom of the article. We carry several types of partner content, including:

  • Banners ads: Google-managed ads, optimised by Acqua media, and HKFP-managed banner ads which run across each page of the website.
  • Shopping referral links: Referral links to companies such as NordVPN may be seen across the platforms and declared – HKFP receives a cut of any sales. (For example, see the sidebar of any news article).
  • Advertorials: Original advertorial content which has been reviewed by a paid advertiser or donor is marked as “Paid Content” in multiple places – including as the first word of each article. (For example.)
  • Sponsored Partnerships: Content in which HKFP has worked with a paid advertiser or donor, but had complete editorial independence, without review, is marked as a “partnership with…” (For example.)
  • Media partnerships: HKFP helps to promote key media/artistic/charitable events which are of interest to staff/readers, or that we wish to support (For example.) Paid listings will be marked as “Paid Content.”

Quotes and Translations

  • We do not alter quotes or manipulate their meaning. We must not cherry-pick or split up quotes in a way that misrepresents or decontextualises the speaker’s comments. We can contact a person to clarify any factual points or unclear comments (See also: Approval/vetting.)
  • We should quote verbatim and indicate if a speaker has misspoken. We may only adjust grammatical mistakes or speech errors by paraphrasing, or by using partial quotes, square brackets or ellipses in moderation.
  • If HKFP has translated verbal or written content from another language into English, we will declare it to readers. If we have used a translation uttered by an interpreter, we will also make this clear.
  • We must take care while translating in order to convey the speaker’s meaning and tone. We cannot use interpretative flexibility to justify clumsy or inaccurate translations. If a speaker has omitted a word or made an error, we should deal with this in our translation using the above methods. If there is any room for doubt, such as gender pronouns or tenses that are absent in Chinese, we should try to clarify the quote, write around it, omit it entirely, or contact the speaker to clarify. If there are doubts over a translation, staff should consult the team as a whole.
  • Tools approved by HKFP to assist with translations are Google Translate, DeepL, Chat GTP, and Sage. (See also: Artificial Intelligence Tools.)

Science Breakthroughs

  • We must take care to not hype scientific or medical “breakthrough” announcements from pharmaceutical companies or researchers as this may give false hope to audiences and rarely have an immediate impact on the condition concerned.


  • We must be transparent with our sources of information and credit authors when we use their material. Press releases, government handouts, pool feeds and local media reports should be clearly identified as such. (See also: Anonymity).


  • We do not conceal or misrepresent our identities unless failing to do so threatens our personal safety.
  • If a reporter believes there is a justified reason for them to go undercover, they must consult editors. In turn, editors should be understanding if a reporter is uncomfortable, or objects to, using subterfuge to obtain information on ethical or safety grounds.
  • We should not record or film people with hidden equipment without their knowledge in a private setting, unless we believe it is overwhelmingly in the public interest.

Terrorism and Acts of Violence

  • We can identify the suspects or perpetrators of mass shootings, stabbings, or acts of terror, but we should not give them a platform, publish “manifestos” or give elongated biographies, as such publicity may encourage further atrocities. We use the Guardian’s definition of “terrorism” as acts directed against victims chosen either randomly or as symbols of what is being opposed. We must take care not to glorify or give undue prominence to murderers or other violent criminals, and ensure that appropriate coverage is given to their victims as well.

Verification and Fact-checking

  • HKFP is committed to publishing accurate information. We investigate claims with scepticism; present data fairly; question assumptions; challenge conventional wisdom; confirm information with experts; and seek to corroborate what sources tell us by talking with other informed people or consulting documents.
  • To dig out the truth and confirm information, our team may ask sources: How do you know? How can you be sure? Where is the evidence or supporting documents? Who is the source, and how does the source know?
  • We verify content – such as technical terms or statistics – against source documents, or make clear who is providing the information, linking to the source if-and-where possible.
  • Relevant components of a story may be shared with a primary source, or an outside expert, to verify them.
  • We follow a strict and transparent Corrections Policy and aim to publish corrections as quickly as possible. (See also: Corrections Policy).

Staff Personal Conduct:

Conflicts of Interest

  • HKFP journalists must declare any conflicts of interest that may influence their work to editors and, when necessary, excuse themselves from relevant reporting. Another reporter will then be assigned. This extends to covering family members or anyone with whom they have a close personal relationship.
  • Staff may not deal in securities, shares or other investments relating to a company they have written about in the past month. (See also: Hospitality.)

Freelance Work

  • Contractually, HKFP journalists must seek permission from management before engaging in a freelance assignment – paid or unpaid. They must not accept work that affects their availability to work for HKFP, that threatens to damage our reputation, or conflicts with our ethical standards. The assignment must not be for an HKFP competitor.


  • We must not accept hospitality, gifts or other benefits from sources or contacts – except for items of minimal value in unavoidable circumstances – as this may undermine our reputation for impartiality. Cash, or lai see, cannot be accepted in any amount.
  • HKFP reporters must never use their position for their own private benefit or that of others. We must not benefit financially from information obtained nor pass on information for financial gain.
  • Occasional drinks and meals of up to HK$300 per person are an acceptable part of our profession but we should try to invite rather than be invited. We never pay sources for information but, depending on the circumstances, we may offer HKFP souvenirs to office visitors as a “thank you” for their time.
  • Any items loaned to reporters for review or test purposes should be declared to editors and returned within 72 hours – long-term or indefinite loans are not allowed.
  • “Junkets” – such as free flights/trips – from sources – cannot be accepted by staff. However, HKFP reporters may accept complimentary books, media tickets/invitations to events or meals if they directly relate to coverage of a particular story (for example a sports/music event), their work as a journalist (for example, a media conference) or are networking opportunities (for example, consulate national day celebrations.) When in doubt, reporters should consult an editor.


  • HKFP’s reputation for impartiality rests upon the fair treatment of our sources and the professional reputations of our journalists. Staff should avoid conflicts of interest and the appearance of such conflicts. Our team should avoid all forms of activism, attending protests – even in a personal capacity, expressing support for an election candidate or party, or openly advocating a viewpoint that could bring HKFP’s impartiality into question. (See also: Freelance work; Conflicts of Interest; Hospitality; and social media policy.)

Public Speaking and Media Interviews

  • HKFP journalists who agree – with management’s permission – to speak to other news media or at events which require public speaking should adhere to the company’s rules of impartiality and fairness. We should research the reputation of a media outlet before accepting interview requests and avoid situations where our words could be taken out of context or used for propaganda. We must assume everything is on the record.
  • We should be careful in giving opinions that might raise concerns about our impartiality—such as declaring support for candidates, or publicly indicating who you wish to vote for—and avoid speculation by providing analysis and facts. We must avoid defamatory or contentious statements that could damage HKFP’s reputation. We must be prepared to deal with loaded questions and must not disclose confidential information about the company.


  • We do not plagiarise and must be transparent in identifying our sources of information, whether in text, images or other multimedia. We must clearly identify and credit external material from others including interview pick-ups and media reports.
  • We must not violate copyright and use non-authorised material from third-parties. (See also: Artificial Intelligence tools).
  • HKFP journalists face disciplinary action for instances of plagiarism or patchwriting.

Safety and Security

  • The safety, security and mental health of our staff are of utmost, overriding importance. Staff may enquire about HKFP’s health coverage and mental health options.
  • Staff should follow HKFP’s internal security and safety guidelines, including those on protest safety and reporting during a virus outbreak.

Social Media Use

  • When using public-facing personal accounts, HKFP staff should adhere to the company’s social media policy and the newspaper’s principles of impartiality.
  • Personal social media bios should include a disclaimer, though readers will still judge HKFP on the basis of personal behaviour on public accounts. Racism, homophobia/transphobia, dehumanising language, insults, trolling and other forms of hate speech or bad behaviour are not allowed.
  • Our journalists should not “scoop” themselves by providing exclusive or breaking news information that we are already set to cover on HKFP, nor promote our competitors.
  • Staff must not bring HKFP into disrepute.



  • HKFP will publish details of its income and outgoings in an Annual Report and Transparency Report.
  • Our Transparency Report shows that we receive income chiefly from direct contributions from readers, as well as through advertising, content sales and – previously – events. The average monthly contribution from “Patrons” is around HK$200.
  • As a non-profit, all surplus is put back into the company. HKFP will also retain reserves to ensure the company’s longevity in a rapidly-changing political atmosphere, including a legal defence fund.
  • Those who contribute money or gear to our newsroom can expect their contribution to remain confidential as a matter of privacy unless they agree to publicity. Payment details, which we need to legally retain, will be stored securely as per our Privacy Policy.
  • HKFP will refuse any contributions from anyone who seeks to interfere in our editorial independence or output. We are also committed to refusing contributions from any government, aside from tax or pandemic relief measures.
  • We will only ever accept a contribution of money or gear from a grant-making body or institution if they agree in writing never to interfere in our editorial independence or output. HKFP previously accepted two grants from Google, and a microgrant from Splice Newsroom.


Ownership, Structure and Launch Date:

  • HKFP is solely owned by Hong Kong Kong Free Press Limited – a non-profit limited by guarantee company registered in Hong Kong on February 18, 2015. The public-facing website launched on June 30, 2015. HKFP relaunched and professionalised in 2020, adopting an ethics code and new design.
  • Hong Kong Kong Free Press Limited is fully independent. It has no shareholders, and is not owned by any umbrella group, conglomerate or business tycoon.
  • HKFP is voluntarily registered with the government as a “periodical” in order to access government press releases and media events. To view HKFP’s listing, browse the periodicals PDF on the website of the Office for Film, Newspaper and Article Administration.

Diversity Statement:

  • HKFP values inclusion and diversity – both in the newsroom and in our output – as part of our adherence to fair, balanced and accurate coverage.
  • These values are in-keeping with our commitment to amplify voices from under-represented, underprivileged or marginalised groups, and our staff are encouraged to seek out stories faced by these communities. In 2022, HKFP’s efforts were recognised with a Google News Equity grant.
  • For instance, when we collect on-the-ground opinions from the public, our reporters seek to balance voices from different age groups, genders and ethnic backgrounds. Reporters also have access to a database listing female and non-binary sources to help ensure more gender diversity in our daily reporting and features.
  • HKFP has no tolerance for any forms of discrimination, prejudice or bullying – all freelancers, contractors, job applicants, full and part-time staff are treated with respect, fairness and dignity. We do not make recruitment decisions, nor do we discriminate, along the lines of age, gender or sexual orientation, religion, race, pregnancy or marital status. As a newsroom, hiring decisions are based on ability, language skills, past experience and performance, the role’s stated requirements, and our recruitment tests and interview.
  • HKFP publicly encourages job applications from candidates from minority backgrounds, and has sponsored LGBT+ pride events in Hong Kong. Since our founding in 2015, HKFP has employed nationals of Hong Kong, mainland China, the UK, India, Taiwan, Canada and Malaysia.

Types of Work:

  • HKFP clearly labels and differentiates the different types of content we publish – our ethical standards apply to all story types.
Type of contentDefinitionLabellingArchive page
Daily news.Hard news stories based on facts – verified by, or observed, by a journalist, or gathered from knowledgeable, verified sources. Often between 200-800 words, featuring some original quotes/reactions, context or analysis. Usually on one contemporaneous subject, but can include a sidebar under a sub-heading in order to encompass a related angle or topic. Includes “breaking” news.All hard news stories include the HKFP logo in the featured (or “cover”) image, and include a geographic category, namely: Hong Kong, China, Taiwan, Macau or World.Hong Kong, China, Taiwan, Macau or World.
Daily news: In Pictures.As above, but with a picture-led format including up to a dozen full-width photographs.All “In Pictures” stories include the words “In Pictures” in the featured (or “cover”) image, and a green theme. They include a tag – as well as a headline prefix – stating: “In Pictures.”In Pictures.
Daily News: Spot story.A more in-depth hard news story of up to 1,000 words, involving fact-based, on-the-ground original reporting. Usually published within a week of a news event, and usually less extensive and fewer voices than a fully-fledged feature. All spot stories include the words “HKFP Reports” in the featured (or “cover”) image, and a green theme. They include a category stating: “HKFP Reports.”HKFP Reports.
Daily News: Buzz.Humour, events, cartoons and other short-form, light relief from HKFP. Not usually related to hard daily news, and not necessarily time sensitive. All spot stories include the words “HKFP Buzz” in the featured (or “cover”) image, and a pink theme. They include a category stating: “HKFP Buzz.”HKFP Buzz.
Explainer.A clear, fact-based explanation of the context or causes of a news event.All explainers include the word “Explainer” in the featured (or “cover”) image, and a blue theme. They also include a tag – as well as a headline prefix – stating: “Explainer.”Explainer.
Feature.A quality, original deep dive – often between 800-2,500 words, featuring multiple voices/sources and quotes from analysts/experts. All features include the word “Feature” in the featured (or “cover”) image, and a green theme. They also include a category stating: “Feature.”Features.
Interview.An interview with a newsmaker, formatted as a personal profile or a Q&A. For a full definition, see our ethics code: Interviews.All interviews include the word “Interview” in the featured (or “cover”) image, and a red theme. They also include a category – as well as a headline prefix – stating: “Interview.”Interviews.
Lens.A photo essay, or showcase, of high quality full-width photography – not usually on a hard news topic.All Lens features include the word “HKFP Lens” in the featured (or “cover”) image, and a purple theme. They also include a category – as well as a headline prefix – stating: “HKFP Lens.”HKFP Lens.
Guide.A fact-based “how to” guide for readers on a relevant topic – not necessarily on a hard news, or time-sensitive, topic.All Lens features include the word “HKFP Guide” in the featured (or “cover”) image, and a light green theme. They also include a tag – as well as a headline prefix – stating: “HKFP Guide.”Guides.
Opinion.Diverse fact-based opinion from external writers on the week’s local news. For a fuller definition, see our ethics code: Opinion.All opinion pieces include the writer’s headshot (when available) and the word “Opinion” in the featured (or “cover”) image, along with an orange theme. They also include a category stating: “Opinion” and a disclaimer at the bottom.Opinion.
Editorial.Editorials refer solely to company announcements (unlike other outlets, HKFP does not publish opinions from the editorial board).All Editorials include the word “HKFP Editorial” in the featured (or “cover”) image, and a red theme. They also include a category stating: “HKFP Editorial.”Editorials.
Venture.Hiking, travel, urban exploration and adventures around Hong Kong and Asia. Not usually related to hard daily news, and not necessarily time sensitive. Often takes the format of a guide or photography showcase.All Venture features include the word “HKFP Venture” in the featured (or “cover”) image, and a dark green theme. They also include a category – as well as a headline prefix – stating: “HKFP Venture.”HKFP Venture.
Paid Content.Content which is paid-for is clearly marked. See our ethics code for a full breakdown of our five types of paid-for content: Paid-for-content.See our ethics code for a full breakdown of how paid-for content is labelled: Paid-for-content.Paid-for Content.
Newsletter.HKFP Dim Sum is a twice-weekly newsletter summarising the week’s news and our original reporting – our impartiality and ethics rules apply as with our written content. Readers may sign up to our newsletter here.HKFP Dim Sum.
Podcast.HKFP Yum Cha is an unscripted series of audio interviews with newsmakers – our impartiality and ethics rules apply as with our written content. Podcasts are available on all mainstream podcasting platforms.To launch in 2023.