Rampant smuggling of Australian rock lobsters into mainland China is a national security threat, Hong Kong’s new customs chief said Thursday as she vowed to crack down on the trade.

Lobsters are one of a number of products from Australia that China has restricted imports of as relations between the countries plunged.

Ornate Rock Lobster. File photo: Wikicommons.

But they remain a prized and much sought-after delicacy in mainland China.

Imports of Australian rock lobsters to Hong Kong — which maintains no restrictions on the crustaceans — have since sky-rocketed, with suspicions that the vast majority end up on mainland tables.

See also: China’s national security threatened by Hong Kong prisoners’ chocolates, hair clips, says security chief

Louise Ho was announced as the city’s new customs commissioner on Thursday, the first woman to hold the position.

During her inaugural press conference, she explained why lobsters were one of her priorities when it comes to safeguarding China’s national security. 

“On the surface, it is a simple matter of smuggling lobsters, but these activities undermine our country’s trade restrictions against Australia,” Ho told reporters.

“Stopping lobster smuggling is a very important part of protecting national security, so we will pursue it diligently.”

Louise Ho is the new Commissioner of Customs and Excise in Hong Kong. Photo: GovHK.

Smuggling goods by speedboat has been a mainstay of the triad organised crime gangs operating on both sides of the border for years but the phenomenon has surged during the coronavirus pandemic.

Police embarked on a crackdown after a marine officer was killed last month when her vessel was rammed by smugglers during a high-speed chase.

Lobsters are just one of a cornucopia of in-demand goods that gangs smuggle into China. 

Recent speedboat smuggling busts have netted everything from luxury watches, handbags and shoes to endangered animal parts, cosmetics, wines, whiskey and cigars. 

Last week, Hong Kong and mainland authorities seized 5,300 kilograms of smuggled Australian lobsters, worth around US$540,000, and arrested 13 people.

The new Commissioner of Customs and Excise Louise Ho (left) and Chief Executive Carrie Lam (right) photographed on October 21, 2021. Photo: GovHK.

In June, Bloomberg reported that Hong Kong has become the world’s largest importer of Australian lobsters, with monthly trade growing more than 2,000 percent from October to April.

Ho also said that customs officials will actively block the inflow of anti-government propaganda at the border, even if the content looked innocuous.

China has cracked down in Hong Kong after the city was rocked by huge and often violent democracy protests two years ago. 

It imposed a national security law last year that outlaws much dissent and empowers authorities to go after anything deemed a threat to China. 

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