Dozens of local community politicians in Hong Kong swore a newly required loyalty oath to China on Friday after hundreds of their colleagues quit in protest as authorities try to purge the city of “unpatriotic” elements.

michael pang oath taking
District councillors Jordan Pang (left) and his brother Michael Pang (right) headed to the oath-taking ceremony on Friday. Pang was charged under the national security law over a democrats’ primary election in 2020. Photo: Citizen News.

District councillors are the only people Hong Kongers can fully elect with universal suffrage.

They deal with bread and butter local issues like bus routes, trash collection and playgrounds. But they have also become a symbol of residents’ urge for a greater say in how their city is run.

In late 2019, towards the end of months of huge democracy protests, opposition candidates critical of China’s rule won a landslide, hammering pro-government candidates.

China has since responded with a crackdown on dissent as well as an overhaul of the city’s political system that reduces the number of directly elected officials and vets politicians for their perceived patriotism.

clarisse yeung
Clarisse Yeung of the Wan Chai District Council did not respond to reporters’ questions as she headed to the oath-taking ceremony in North Point. Photo: Stand News.

Twenty-five councillors were told to take their oaths in a closed-door ceremony on Friday, but only 24 of them attended the event. 

In a Facebook post published shortly before the ceremony, pro-democracy councillor Peter Choi said he “couldn’t compromise and pledge allegiance to a regime that does not value the people”.

“From standing for the elections to entering the council, my objective was to monitor the government, not bearing allegiance to the regime,” wrote Choi, who didn’t show up at the ceremony and has been unseated with immediate effect.

Similar ceremonies have been held for other sectors, including civil servants, government officials and lawmakers. 

However, those who swear allegiance can still be disqualified. 

On Friday evening, the government issued a statement saying that it has doubts on the validity of seven councillors’ oaths and has requested more information from them to decide whether their pledges are valid.

The seven are from the pro-democracy camp, including two councillors who are facing national security charges and are currently on bail.

Under the new rules imposed by Beijing earlier this year, a national security committee can disqualify anyone deemed an “anti-China” element or disloyal.

Subversion charges

“If we have doubts on certain councillors’ oath-taking and could not completely trust whether they have pledged loyalty and allegiance, we will give them the opportunity to explain… If their oaths are invalid in the end, they will be disqualified,” chief executive Carrie Lam said earlier this week.

Some 180 district councillors are expected to take oaths in the coming weeks and those who refuse to attend will lose their seats.

However, a majority of the elected district councillors have simply quit rather than adhere to the vetting process.

district councillors oath taking
District councillors at the oath-taking ceremony. Photo: Pakkin Leung CC BY 4.0.

So far a total of 260 — more than half of the 452 elected members — have resigned.

“It (oath-taking) has become the regime’s tool to keep you on a leash,” former district councillor Debbie Chan, who resigned in July, told AFP.

“They want to eliminate the pro-democracy camp in Hong Kong.”

Since the 2019 protests, China has imposed a national security law that has criminalised much dissent and began remoulding Hong Kong in its own authoritarian image.

Several district councillors have been charged with national security crimes. Many others have fled overseas.

Update 5:00: This article has been updated to include Peter Choi’s comments.

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