Britain has said it is indefinitely suspending its extradition deal with Hong Kong with immediate effect, after Beijing enacted a controversial security law in the city. London will also extend its arms embargo against China to Hong Kong.

Addressing parliament on Monday, the UK foreign secretary Dominic Raab said the security law was “a clear and serious violation of the UK-China joint declaration” which gave rise to the 1997 Handover. He called the new measures necessary and proportionate and a response to passages in the controversial new law which allow cases to be heard in China.

Foreign Secretary Dominic Rabb is set to halt Britain's extradition agreement with Hong Kong.

HKFP_Live: UK Foreign Secretary Dominic Rabb is set to halt Britain's extradition agreement with #HongKong.

Posted by Hong Kong Free Press HKFP on Monday, 20 July 2020

“The United Kingdom is watching, and the whole world is watching,” Raab said. “We will hold China to its international obligations.”

Raab said that Britain sought to have a good relationship with China and stopped short of announcing Magnitsky sanctions against Chinese officials. However, he added that co-operation and training between the UK and Hong Kong police, as well as business links, would be kept under review.

‘Wrong path’

Beijing has promised a “resolute response,” should the UK take such action with foreign ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin condemning the plan earlier on Monday: “We urge the UK to take no more steps down the wrong path, so as to avoid further damage to China-UK relations.”

UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson expressed concern about China’s actions ahead of Raab’s speech, but said a “balanced” approach to Beijing was needed: “I’m not going to be pushed into a position of becoming a knee-jerk Sinophobe on every issue, somebody who is automatically anti-China… We’re going to be tough on some things, but we’re going to continue to engage.”

See also: China slams Britain’s comments on Uighurs as ‘slander’

UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson. File photo: UKGov.

In June, Beijing enacted laws to prevent, stop and punish behaviours in Hong Kong that it deemed a threat to national security. The legislation was inserted into the city’s mini-constitution, bypassing the local legislature, in order to criminalise subversion, secession, foreign interference and terrorism. The move – which gives police sweeping new powers – alarmed democrats, civil society groups and trade partners, as such laws have been used broadly to silence and punish dissidents in China.

Photo: Jimmy Lam/United Social Press.

Shortly after the law was enacted, Britain extended residency rights for Hongkongers with British National Overseas passports. London has also pledged to strip telecommunications gear manufactured by China’s Huawei from their 5G infrastructure by 2027 amid security concerns.

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Tom is the editor-in-chief and co-founder of Hong Kong Free Press. He has a BA in Communications & New Media from Leeds University and an MA in Journalism from the University of Hong Kong. He has contributed to the BBC, Euronews, Quartz, Global Post and others.