Singaporean activist Jolovan Wham has been handed a 16-day jail sentence for refusing to pay a fine after he hosted a public talk with Hong Kong democracy activist Joshua Wong via Skype. He is out on bail pending appeal.

Last month, Wham was convicted of illegal assembly over a forum he held in November 2016 on the topic of “civil disobedience and social movements.” Wham was told by police that he needed a permit for Wong to speak, but he went ahead without one.

On Thursday, the court fined Wham S$2,000 (HK$11,603) for organising a public assembly without a police permit. He also received a fine of S$1,200 (HK$6,961) for failing to sign a police statement.

Jolovan Wham
Jolovan Wham. Photo: Jolovan Wham, via Twitter.

Singaporean media reported that Wham chose not to pay the fine, which led the court to sentence him to 16 days in prison for defaulting on the fine.

Wham is to appeal the judge’s decision, and is out on a bail of S$8,000 (HK$46,340), according to media reports.

The forum in question was organised by Community Action Network, a non-governmental group concerned with freedom of expression in the city-state. According to Wham, the police told him it was compulsory to get a work permit and police permit if any of the participating speakers were not from Singapore – even if they spoke remotely via video link.

After the event, Wham was later questioned by police for 45 minutes and was charged in November 2017.

Aside from illegal assembly, Wham was also charged after refusing to sign his police witness statement. He said at the time that he chose not to sign because he was not given a copy.

Joshua Wong
Joshua Wong. Photo: HKFP.

Joshua Wong told HKFP that Wham’s prosecution was “an embarrassment and a terrible injustice,” and that he deeply regretted the judgment.

“Jolovan generously invited me to share and exchange my experience in Hong Kong’s fight for freedom and justice with the Singaporean community – the irony is not missed here that Jolovan has become a subject of injustice as a result.”

“I’d like to express my respect and admiration for Jolovan’s perseverance of his values, and my wish for the Singaporean people to one day be able to enjoy true freedom and democracy.

‘Stretching of the law’

Kirsten Han, a Singaporean journalist who was also a guest speaker at Wham’s forum, decried the sentence as “outrageous.”

“[The forum] posed no threat to public order whatsoever, and the stretching of the law to declare a forum illegal simply because a non-Singaporean Skyped in shows how broad Singapore’s public order laws are, and how they can be used to restrict Singaporean’s civil liberties,” Han told HKFP.“There’s no sentence that I’d consider fair, because he should never have been charged.”

Han also disputed the prosecution’s account of events. According to Channel NewsAsia, the prosecution argued in court that “thousands” were invited to the forum and 366 people indicated they were interested in attending.

However, Han said the event only had slightly more than 60 attendees and was “pretty standard.” “The venue wasn’t that big anyway,” she added.

Holmes Chan is a reporter at Hong Kong Free Press. He covers local news with a focus on law, politics, and social movements. He studied law and literature at the University of Hong Kong.