Vote counting in Hong Kong’s small-circle election committee race closed at 7.30 a.m. on Monday, over 13 hours after polls closed due to “human errors” and glitches. Sunday’s polls were the first since Beijing imposed an electoral revamp in March. A total of 4,380 of the city’s 4,800 eligible elites cast their ballot, whilst over 5,000 police officers were deployed to the streets.

Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Erick Tsang seen opening ballot boxes on Sunday, September 19, 2021. Photo: Kyle Lam/HKFP.

The voters represented 0.06 per cent of the city’s population, though Chief Executive Carrie Lam hailed the “patriots only” polls as a “good foundation” for upcoming elections. A protest group, meanwhile, said they showed Beijing was “afraid of public opinion.”

Carrie Lam. Photo: GovHK.

The overhauled election committee is now empowered to appoint 40 of the city’s 90 lawmakers – the others will be chosen by special interest groups, leaving only 20 to be elected by the public. Next year, the committee will also select Hong Kong’s leader.

Photo: Kyle Lam/HKFP.

List of elected election committee members. (Click to view)

Commercial (third)

Shen Hua
Yau Wai Kwong
Lian Shaodong
Wong For Yam
Tan Yue Heng
Kwok Pui Fong Miranda
Zhu Eric Liwei
San Chung Kam
Lee Hoey Simon
Chiu Kwan
Yiu Loi Man
Zhao Shuang
Kwok Yin Lai
Chong Wai Ming
Wang Lei
Ng Chor Chu
Lau Sung

Financial Services

Ng Oliver Tse Kuen
Wong Chung Mun
Tang Sing Hing Kenny
Lee Yiu Sun
Chim Kim Lun Ricky
Li Tong
Xiong Liting
Yeung Daisy
Sun Jianfeng
Choy Sze Chung Jojo
Lee Sai Yin Jeanne
Chan Henry
Lin Xianghong
Lee Wai Wang Robert
Dai Zhiqiang
Cheung Haywood

Insurance

Chen Zhaonan
Poon Wing Fai Jimmy
Hui Kam Kwai (Eric)
Zhan Meiqing
Koon Woo Kam Oi Agnes (Agnes Koon)
Wong Hon Hing
Wong Kwai Chuen Andrew
Chan Yim Kwong
Fung Wai Cheong
Tsui Chi Kin Ellick
Lau Siu Mun Sammy
Tang Chee Ping Wilson (Wilson)
Chan Pui Leung
Cheng Kwok Ping
Cheung Kin Keung Kelvin
Tam Kwok Wing (Ivan)
Ng Wing Fat Ronnie

Architectural, Surveying, Planning and Landscape

Lau Man Kwan Julia
Wong Ho Ming Augustine
Lui Ho Yuen Victor
Chan Chak Wa Jason
Lim Wan Fung Bernard Vincent
Chan Yuk Ming
Ho Lik Chi Nicholas
Ho Kui Yip
Lai Ting Kwok
Lu Hing Yiu Bryant
Lai Hon Kwan Cherrie
Lo Chun Wai (Dicky Lo)
Lai Yuk Fai Stephen
Lam Lik Shan (Lesly Lam)
Chow Wai Keung

Chinese Medicine

Lyu Aiping
Yeung Cheuk Ming
Cheung Kwan Sheung
Chan Wing Kwong
Ho Kwok Wai
Lo Ting Yu
Wong Kwun Ming
Tsang Chiu Hing
Miao Jiang Xia
Wong Kit
Huang Xianzhang
Pang Cheung Hi Jack
Cheung Wai Sang
Zhu En
Feng Jiu

Education

Mok Chung Fai Rex
Leung Wing Hung George
Ho Hon Kuen
Yau Siu Hung
Fong Chung Lun
Liu Fung Heung
Poon Suk Han Halina
So Ping Fai
Cheung Yung Pong Langton
Lam Chui Ling Nancy
Koong May Kay
Chiu Cheung Ki
Wong Kam Leung

Legal

Hui Man Kit Patrick
Neoh Anthony Francis
Fan Hoi Kit
Woo Chun Fai (William)
Cheng Ching
Lo Yee Hang
Tong Ka Wah Ronny
Lam Douglas Tak Yip
Lau Hon Chuen
Daley Mak Hing Fun Angel
Pang Melissa Kaye
Li Lianjun
Chiang Sui Fook Lilian
Ho Shuk Ying Sabrina
Siu Wing Yee Sylvia

Medical and Health Services

Leung Sai Man Sigmund
Cheung Pui Wah
Lam Tzit Yuen David
Cheung Hon Ming
Leung Lai Yin John
Ng Fung Leung Bacon
Pong Scarlett Oi Lan
Wong Pak Leung Apollo
So Kit Ying Loletta
Lo Chung Mau
Kwok Po Yin Samuel
Tsui Sik Hon
Cheung Yuk Hung Kathy
Lee Ha Yun

Social Welfare

Tik Chi Yuen
Yuk Tak Fun
Wong Yat Fung
Yip Chun To Adrian
Chu Lai Ling
Yu Sau Chu
Man Hung Yee Joseph
Yeung Law Koon Chui (Agnes)
Chen Qing
Lee Hon Cheung
Ha Chung Kin
Wong Man Sing Barry

Technology and Innovation

Chien Kwok Keung Kenny
Cheng Chun Wah Gary
Lo Yuk Ming Dennis
Yu Cheung Hoi
Ng Chi Ho
Sun Dong
Chung Kwok Fai
Cheng Chung Ngam (Rocky)
Lee Fan Fung Sean
Chu Ka Yin Norma
Sin Hendrick
Hsu Hoi Shan
Chiu Duncan
Yan King Shun

Labour

Fung Yuk Fung
Yeung Lin Pik
Ching Ngon Lai
Kong Wai Chau
Fan Keung
Chan Man Wai
Hui Pui Ting
Li Wing Foo
Lee Sau King
Lam Tin Fu
Young Wing Fai
Cheung Hoi Wing
Wong Kwok Keung
Cheng Sau Kuen
Ma Chi Sing
Chan Siu Wah Lewis
Tse Oi Hung
Wong Ping
Li Tat Wai
Wong Wang Yip
Tong Kang Yiu
Tse Wang Yu
Lee Kwong Yu
Tong Chung Man
Ip Wai Ming
Wong Kit Hin Peter
Lee Che Kin
Ng Chi Man
Wu Ming Fung
Lo Chi San
Lam Koon Leung
Cheung Kwai Ying
Tsang Chi Man
Tse King Wa
Mak Siu Fun
Chu Yuk Ching
Chan Tang Yuen
Lam Kam Yi
Lee Fong Chung
Chan Man Luen Ying
Leung Chung Yan Juan
Yau Yiu Shing
Yip Lau Ching
Tam Kam Lin
Chu Hon Chung
So Pak Tsan
Tam Chi Chung
Wong Lai Ping
Hung Kai Ming
Lee Wai Man
Ng Wai Yee
Ma Kwong Yu
Lui Kit Han
Kwok Hing Wun
Yang Kaiqiang
Lam Chi Ting
Chau Siu Chung
Tsoi Chung Kin
Cheung Kam Ling
Lam Wai Kong

Representatives of members of Area Committees, District Fight Crime Committees, and District Fire Safety Committees of Hong Kong and Kowloon

Tam Siu Cheuk
Chan Lai Fong
Pun Kwok Wah
Hung Kam In
Li Tak Hong
Lee Ching Har
Lu Hiu Tung
Lee Pik Yee
Chung Kong Mo
Hung Chiu Kwan
Cheung Pui Kong
Ngan Man Yu
Ng Po Keung
Chan Chan Piu
Lam Tsz Hung
Wong Choi Lap
Kan Ming Tung
Ip Ngo Tung Chris
Tsang Fung Chu
Yeung Ka Shing
Wong Tsz Shing
Kan Chi Ho
Cheung Chi Chung
Li Hon Hung
Lau Pui Shan
Chan Yuk Kit
Lai Wing Ho Joe
Lau Wai Kwong
Leung Man Kwong
Li Siu Yung
Chan Kwok Wai
Cheng Keung Fung
Yuen Kwok Keung
Chung Chak Fai
Leung Sze Wan
Chan Tung
Tsang Yiu Tong
Yew Yat Wa Deannie
Lui Hung Pan
Lam Yau Pik
Wong Chung Leung
Chu Yuk Lung
Chan Nam Po
Cheung Ki Tang
Lin Wei Qiao
Cheung Yiu Pan
Lau Hing Yeung
Ching Lei Yuen
Lui Tung Hai
Chu Lap Wai
Li Lee
Hung Chiu Wah
Lo Wing Sze
Chow Chiu Sheung (Peter)
Qiu Songqing
Lam Fung
Chiu Fung Yi (Kitty)
Lam Wing Cheung
Ho Hin Ming
Chan Judy Kapui
Wong Tat Tung
Leung Kui Hoi
Cheng Shing Fung
Chen Meiyan
Lau Pui Yuk
Lam Yuk Chun
Tang Siu Mui
Chung Tsi Kuen
Lui Kai Lin Wendy
Chan Yan Yiu
Kwok Yiu Wai
Chan Wah Yu Nelson
Leung Tang Fung
Leung Kwok Hung David
Lee Chun Keung
Lai Wing Chun (Sunny)

Representatives of members of Area Committees, District Fight Crime Committees, and District Fire Safety Committees of the New Territories

Yau Yuk Lun
Chong Yuen Tung
Cheng Yin Kwan Andy
Chong Kin Shing
Deng Kairong
Yiu Kwok Wai
Chan Cho Leung
Man Ka Ho Donald
Lau Chee Sing
Ma Shuk Yin
Wu Yuk Chi
Kwong Yuet Sum
Lui Kin
Chan Oi Yi
Ling Wai Hon
Chan Wai Yeuk
Tsui Fan
Wong Pik Kiu
Lau Shun Ting
Lam Yu Sing
Yip Man Pan
Au Chi On Paul
Man Yu Ming
Lo Yuen Ting
Lee Hung Sham Lothar
Tsang Kwok Ka
Lam Kong Kwan
Chan Kwok Kai
Yiu Ming
Lai Sum
Chan Siu Kuen
Siu Long Ming
Cheung Chin Pang
Kot Siu Yuen
Wu Cheuk Him
Kan Siu Kei
Mung Kin Keung
Wah Mei Ling
Au Chi Fai
Wan Wo Tat Warwick
Lo Siu Kit
Sung Ka Woon
Wan Kai Ming
Ko Wai Kei
Chan Ka Fai
Chu Ho Yin
Yiu Ka Chun
Li Sai Wing
Cham Ka Hung Daniel
Leung Cheong Ming Raymond
Cheng Lam
Koo Yeung Pong
Wong Shun Yee (Albert)
Chan Man Chau
Lau Hing Wah
Ng Chiu Hung
Tang Cheuk Him
Li Guanhua
Cheung Yin Nam
Li Ka Leung Philip
Lung Shui Hing
Leung Kar Ming
Lee Shing Put
Tang Yung Yiu Ronnie
Chiu Man Leong
Lam Chor Chiu
Wong Wai Shing
Ng Ngai Wing
Pun Kwok Shan
Yip Cheung Chun
Ki Lai Mei
Kam Man Fung
Fu Hiu Lam Sammi
To Sheck Yuen
Ng Sze Fuk
Chan Yau Hoi
Poon Chi Shing
Yau Tai Tai
Kwok Chun Sing
Mo Shing Fung

A total of 4,380 voters had cast a ballot by the time polls closed at 6pm on Sunday, indicating a turnout of about 90 percent, said Chair of the Electoral Affairs Commission Barnabas Fung. Three sectors saw 100 per cent turnout, including the legal sector with a total of 30 voters, the architecture sector with 55 voters, and the technology and innovation sector, with 54 voters.

Electoral Affairs Commission Chair Barnabas Fung. Photo: Kyle Lam/HKFP.

Ballot counting began one hour later than scheduled due to “mishaps in the delivery of ballot boxes” to the central counting station at Wan Chai’s Convention and Exhibition Centre, but it did not interfere with ballot counting, Fung said. Election authorities also received a total of five complaints over voting arrangements, voting eligibility and over the typeface size used on ballots.

Photo: Kyle Lam/HKFP.

During the vote-counting, some candidates were heard shouting the slogan: “Support improving the electoral system, implement ‘patriots rule Hong Kong!'”

Photo: Kyle Lam/HKFP.

Some voters had to queue up for over an hour on Sunday morning at the Kowloon Park polling station, Fung said, as polling officers working for the first time with the electronic electoral roll had yet to familiarise themselves with the machines. There were also individuals who were not eligible voters that queued up at the station, mistakenly believing they were allowed to cast a ballot during Sunday’s polls, he said.

Results of the polls only began rolling in at about 3 a.m., as the scanners used for counting were not able to function as intended. Unable to hold up to the fatigue, some candidates left the convention centre before the results were even announced.

Fung apologised for the extended counting time, admitting there were human errors and other problems that occurred during the ballot box delivery and ballot counting processes. He said a detailed report will be submitted to the chief executive later.

364 seats for 412 candidates

A total of 412 candidates vied for 364 seats on the city’s 1,500-strong election committee on Sunday’s polls. The remaining 1,136 seats were either filled by appointment, by ex-officio members, or were automatically elected without competition within sub-sectors. Of the 40 sub-sectors, only 13 saw the number of nominated candidates exceed the number of seats to be filled.

Francis Chow Yin-ming, chairperson of the Sai Kung District Council and one of three candidates not part of the pro-establishment camps at the election committee polls. He lost. Photo: Kyle Lam/HKFP.

Two candidates not considered part of the pro-establishment camps ran in the social welfare sector. Francis Chow, the chair of the Sai Kung District Council, lost. The other candidate – Tik Chi-yuen, founder of centrist party Third Side – won through drawing lots, as the number of votes he received was identical to that of two other candidates in the sector.

Photo: Kyle Lam/HKFP.

Voters turned up to polling stations early on Sunday, with turnout reaching close to 50 per cent by noon, then hitting 86 per cent by 5pm. While the city’s chief executive election committee used to see over 246,000 voters in 2016, now only 4,800 of the city’s elites were able to vote in the first polls since the electoral overhaul. In March, Beijing imposed legislation to ensure only “patriots” may govern Hong Kong.

Photo: Kyle Lam/HKFP.

The revamp of Hong Kong’s electoral system reduced democratic representation in the legislature, tightened control of elections and introduced a pro-Beijing vetting panel to select candidates. The Hong Kong government said the overhaul would ensure the city’s stability and prosperity. But the changes also prompted international condemnation, as they make it near-impossible for pro-democracy candidates to stand.

Architecture sector candidates running for the election committee. Photo: Kyle Lam/HKFP.

“This election will provide a good foundation for the next two,” Chief Executive Carrie Lam said as she toured the voting station at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre in Wan Chai on Sunday morning. The election committee will have the power to nominate as well as elect members of the next Legislative Council and Chief Executive, in December and in March respectively.

‘Pan-political approach’

“For a long time we had people who wanted to oppose China and cause chaos in Hong Kong enter the political system through open elections,” Lam said. “They took a pan-political approach in the legislature to oppose the [Hong Kong] government and the central people’s government. To an extent this has obstructed Hong Kong’s economic and social development.”

Photo: Kyle Lam/HKFP.

Most of the city’s opposition have been jailed, arrested, disqualified from elections, gone into self-exile or have left politics following the imposition of the national security law last June,

Lam added that the Vice Premier of China’s State Council Han Zheng told her during a Saturday meeting in Shenzhen that the election was to be conducted in accordance with the law, to implement “patriots” ruling Hong Kong.

Photo: Kyle Lam/HKFP.

Lam did not directly respond to a reporter’s question on whether she expressed interest about serving a second term as chief executive when talking to the Chinese official. She said her job at the meeting was merely to report to, and seek support from, the central government and not for discussing other personal goals.

Beijing’s office in Hong Kong extended its “warm congratulations” following the polls. They marked the city’s “fundamental shift from chaos to order” and “demonstrated the progressiveness and superiority of the revamped electoral system, and represented a major step forward in advancing democracy with Hong Kong characteristics,” the China Liaison Office said in a statement on Monday.

Photo: Kyle Lam/HKFP.

Police said they would deploy 5,000-6,000 officers in the city on Sunday to ensure that no disruption would occur at the polls. Officers were seen patrolling near the voting stations in Sha Tin and Kowloon Park, although only handful were spotting near the convention centre during the rain on Sunday evening.

Photo: Kyle Lam/HKFP.

Throughout the day, candidates including those from pro-establishment parties – the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong and Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions – greeted voters and the public at the five polling centres in Sha Tin, Tuen Mun, Kowloon Park, Tsuen Wan and Wan Chai.

Photo: Kyle Lam/HKFP.

New People Party lawmaker Regina Ip said the overhauled election system helped “talent” get elected. “Although the electorate is smaller, their quality has improved, and is more representative,” she told HK01.

Photo: Kyle Lam/HKFP.

Meanwhile, centrist party Third Side’s Tik chi-yuen, a candidate in the social welfare sector and one of two candidates who were not part of the pro-establishment camps, told reporters that the polls “were almost like a real election in atmosphere,” Stand News reported. He added that he believed those who were not part of the pro-government camps still had the space and opportunity to get elected.

‘Calling a deer a horse’

Although no-one from traditional pro-democracy political parties were part of Sunday’s polls, four members of the League of Social Democrats marched in protest from Hennessy Road towards the convention centre early in the day.

Chan Po-ying searched by police. Photo: League of Social Democrats.

They were searched by police at the start of the march, and were surrounded by dozens of officers as they headed towards the polling station.

“Calling small-circle an ‘improvement’ is calling a deer a horse… Authorisation by public opinion must not be taken away,” their banner read. “After the election system ‘improvement’ by the National People’s Congress, the small circle election committee has become stinkier as ever,” the group said in a statement. “The Chinese Communist Party… is in fact afraid of public opinion.”

Photo: League of Social Democrats.

Veteran activist Tsang Kin-shing also marched with a prop barrier symbolising the city’s 47 democrats charged with allegedly breaching the national security law in February, in connection with a primary election last July.

Correction 10:40a.m.: A previous version of this story misstated that the ballot counting time lasted over 11 hours. It should be 13 hours.

Selina Cheng

Selina Cheng is a Hong Kong journalist who previously worked with HK01, Quartz and AFP Beijing. She also covered the Umbrella Movement for AP and reported for a newspaper in France. Selina has studied investigative reporting at the Columbia Journalism School.