Letter from the Editor

Last December, our team decided to forgo the usual “year in review” coverage knowing that few would wish to relive one of the most tumultuous years in memory. It was a roller-coaster 12 months for our news team too as the protests gave way to the pandemic, leaving us to quickly swap our gas masks for medical masks. The upheaval continued with the onset of the national security law in June as we scrambled to adjust to the new reality and threats to free expression in what was once a press freedom hub.

On the upside, 2020 also saw us redesign and relaunch our website, publish a Freelance Charter and Code of Ethics and quadruple our amount of original reporting. We also won a SOPA award, were recognised as the equivalent of a charity, launched an anti-censorship app and Covid-19 story book, and were award top marks by NewsGuard for credibility and transparency. And although we are unlikely to see a funding boost like we saw during the 2019 protests, hundreds of monthly backers continued supporting us, giving us a sustainable income to help invest, expand and secure our future.

In 2021, there are new threats on the horizon. When HKFP was launched in 2015, our mission to uphold press freedom and fight censorship were based on the constitutional guarantees in the Basic Law. But since the vaguely-worded and broadly-applied security law was imposed by Beijing, we saw Apple Daily’s newsroom raided and its proprietor detained, RTHK undergo a government crackdown, a freelance reporter arrested, and self-censorship sweep across all sectors. Meanwhile, democrats were rounded-up, a slogan was made illegal and democracy books were pulled from libraries.

We were not immune to the turmoil at HKFP. We found that sources were less willing to speak, op-ed writers withdrew, and our incoming editor became the city’s third Western journalist to be inexplicably denied a visa and ousted from Hong Kong. We nevertheless acted quickly to future-proof our operations – seeking legal and business advice, encrypting and securing our work devices, setting up back-up entitles, training staff, and even locking our PCs to our desks.

My team is extremely grateful for, and motivated by, the sustained support from our Patrons and backers in Hong Kong and across the world. In this new climate, it is more important than ever that we continue to bear witness and hold the powerful to account, so your backing has never been more critical.

As we invite you to review our work over the past year, let me extend a big thank you to all of our supporters and readers. And as we enter the new year, let us all hope for the best, prepare for the worst, and stand firm in safeguarding press freedom.

Our Mission & Impact

Our mission: We aim to be the most independent and credible English-language news source in Greater China. We seek to amplify the voices of the voiceless, not the powerful and will monitor the status of Hong Kong’s core values and freedoms. The HKFP team is fully committed to reporting the facts, without fear, favour or interference.

Best of 2020

As part of our 2020 relaunch, we committed to doubling the amount of original reporting on HKFP. Our dedicated team beat the targetquadrupling our output from four to 16 original features per month.


Exclusive Features: In 2020, HKFP explored how booksellers were preparing for potential censorship under the security law, how dissident artists continued to shine a light, and how some Hongkongers founded a new community abroad in the UK. We also wrote about the medical professionals looking to leave the city over political pressure, the future of Hong Kong hip hop and how the opening of the national security bureau affected a neighbourhood.

We also produced original features on the plight of student reporters after police stopped recognising them as legitimate journalists and examined how ethnic minorities were being treated unequally by the police. We looked at why Hong Kong activists fell out of love with NBA basketball star LeBron James, profiled the city’s wheelchair-bound reporters, the Hongkongers who backed President Donald Trump for a second term, the Liberal Studies students resisting increasing government pressure on education, and an activist group combatting censorship in textbooks.

Our features also delved into gender issues, including sexual harassment suffered by female politicians, the pro-democracy female activists challenging sexual taboos on social media, the city’s female gamers and male sex workers, the historical evolution of the fable of Mulan after activists vowed to boycott the Disney film, and we also had a sit-down with a local dominatrix.

Our team continued to cover the aftermath of the 2019 pro-democracy protests, speaking to the protesters who suffered from mental health issues one year on and the lingering impact of the Hong Kong Polytechnic University police siege. Earlier in the year, we explored the stores peddling protest figurines and memorabilia, how student protesters were facing their exams, a pro-democracy sign language interpretation group, social workers on the protest frontlines, and local demonstrators who have chosen not to have children.

HKFP also published stories on the composer of the protest anthem “Glory to Hong Kong” and a pro-democracy tailor providing free suits to arrested protesters for their court hearings. And we spoke with the mother of one of the 12 Hong Kong fugitives arrested by mainland authorities

Further afield, we caught up with the Hong Kong diaspora about their fears of Beijing’s encroachment and returning to their home city. We also covered the plight of protesters who fled to Canada and a US teen activist advocating against police brutality online.

Other features included news of persistent worker rights abuses at Apple’s biggest suppliers in China, the plight of Chinese dissidents seeking asylum in Taiwan and political resistance in Macau.

As the city fought to contain Covid-19, our features explored the struggles of new mothers and the visually-impaired during the pandemic. We also published features relating to the doctor strikes at the start of the outbreak, a facemask shortage among the city’s street cleaners, and how shipping firms came under fire after a mask delivery backlog. As the pandemic progressed, we highlighted the 1,000 HK residents stranded in India, the local asylum seekers who joined the fight against the virus, and looked at how some Hong Kong fresh grad nurses felt underprepared for the pandemic. We also examined how ex-Cathay Pacific staffers coped with severe cutbacks.

We also considered political, environmental, and economic angles to the pandemic, with features on why protesters insisted on calling Covid-19 the “Chinese coronavirus“, how protesters cheered a wave of infections in the Hong Kong Police Force, how a drop in recycling practices during the pandemic sets a dangerous new norm, and the struggles of the underground music scene and pole dancing studios.

Other features we published covered the political motivations behind the planned development of China’s Greater Bay Area, a new “greening master plan” for the city’s streets, a Kenyan domestic worker who suffered forced labour, how Hong Kong’s fight against climate change fell short and Hong Kong’s first freshwater wildlife identification app.

Explanatory Reporting: With the passing of the national security law in mid-2020, HKFP launched a monthly series documenting the main developments under the broad-ranging new law.

Other explanatory reporting covered the potential impact of US sanctions against officials abroad and how targeted officials’ reacted to the sanctions. We also profiled the first political figure to be charged under the security law.

We also wrote pieces breaking down the city’s major political developments, including the outcome of the unofficial democrat primary polls, the government’s barring of 12 candidates from the now-delayed legislative race, how the government asked Beijing to solve the legislative lacuna after the postponement, and the developments that led to the democrats quitting the legislature en masse.

HKFP wrote explainers detailing how authorities cracked down on public broadcaster RTHK, the debate over separation of powers in Hong Kong, Apple Daily scandal involving the Hunter Biden dossier and the national anthem law.

Our Covid-19 coverage included why Hongkongers were angry about government response to Covid-19, how the police were selectively enforcing Covid-19 laws, how authorities accelerated its crackdown on dissent during the initial outbreak, and how different countries carried out elections during the pandemic

Our explainers also focused on property scandals among police officers, hidden differences between police rifles, and the pepper spray deployed by the force. And we considered the evolution of Hong Kong protests slogans, how the official account of the Yuen Long attacks and how Chief Executive Carrie Lam’s response to the 2019 protests changed over a year.

Exclusive Interviews: We conducted interviews with key figures, including the last British governor Lord Chris Patten, Apple Daily founder Jimmy Lai before he was remanded in custody, Hong Kong’s “Grandfather of Democracy” Martin Lee, China diplomacy expert Jerome Cohen, and activist-scholar Benny Tai on the sixth anniversary of the Occupy Central movement. We also spoke with former opposition lawmakers Kenneth Leung and Ted Hui following his move to “self-exile” in Europe.

HKFP sat down with moderate ex-lawmaker James Tien about the city’s polarized politics, veteran pollster Robert Chung after a police raid on his polling institute, policing expert Clifford Stott about the role of the force in the 2019 protests and outgoing EU diplomat Carmen Cano on how the security law changed the city.

We spoke with local dissident artists Kacey Wong, Giraffe Leung and Lau KwongShing, as well as exiled political artist Badiucao. Our team also discussed fears for the future of education with president of the city’s largest teachers’ union Fung Wai-wah and the University of Hong Kong’s student union chief EdyJeh. Modern China historian Jeffrey Wasserstrom, Hong Kong constitutional law expert Michael C. Davis and media law expert Doreen Weisenhaus also shared their views on the new security law era

The team did not shy away from conducting interviews with opposition figures and pro-democracy activists both locally and abroad, including Wayne Chan, Simon Cheng and Nathan Law after they fled to the UK, Baggio Leung before his four-week prison sentence, and Finn Lau. We also spoke with a several female district councilors, including Chan Kim-kam, Kwong Po-yin, and Leticia Wong.

Scoops: In 2020, we commissioned an exclusive poll with the Public Opinion Research Institute which found that only 17 per cent of Hongkongers agreed with a government proposal to allow Hong Kong residents on the mainland to vote remotely. We also published exclusive scoops on how the government spent HKD$7 million of taxpayer money on promoting the national security law, showed how Facebook admitted an error in marking Hong Kong police videos as “false,” and how Telegram temporarily refused data requests from Hong Kong courts.

Our other exclusive stories included features on how Hongkongers were coping on a quarantined cruise ship, Colgate’s decision to rebrand Darlie toothpaste during the Black Lives Matter movement, the slow and confusing quarantine centre admissions arrangements in Hong Kong, and Ken Tsang’s reaction to the Court of Final Appeal’s rejection of an appeal on his assault case against the Hong Kong police.

Opinion & Analysis: HKFP carried over 380 opinion, analysis and commentary pieces in 2020 from a host of renowned writers, academics, activists and NGOs.

2020 Achievements

Website relaunch: HKFP won a position on the Newspack project – an advanced open-source publishing platform designed by WordPress for small newsrooms. 50 winners were chosen from around 500 applicants. In April, HKFP migrated to a new, cutting-edge website through the project, which is supported by Google and other grant-making bodies. It is designed to relieve newsrooms like ours of tech troubles, bugs and security concerns, empowering us to focus on journalism. The cost to HKFP is US$1,000/month and includes access to a community of over 100 other independent news sites.


Code of ethics: HKFP faced multiple ethical dilemmas during the recent protests, highlighting the need for clear ethical guidelines. HKFP’s Code of Ethics was adopted by the team on March 11, 2020, to govern all future reporting practices. Our code was shared publicly in the interests of transparency.

Corrections and fact-checking policy: To promote greater transparency, we publicly disclosed policies on when and how we make corrections and how we ensure the accuracy of our reporting.

Top marks in credibility and transparency: HKFPmet all nine of the NewsGuard initiative’s credibility and transparency criteria, a week after we launched our Code of Ethics and just ahead of our website relaunch. NewsGuard lists green or red credibility scores for over 4,000 news websites, representing 95 per cent of all online news engagement.

Charity equivalency: Following a legal examination, NGO Source certified HKFP as the equivalent of a US charity. Hong Kong law does not allow media outlets to register as tax-exempt charities, thus HKFP is a limited by guarantee company – a non-profit, answerable to readers not shareholders. Donors can now be assured we meet the same standards as a US public charity in terms of our structure, accountability and governance.

Unique fundraisers: Activist clothing brand Obey Giant and Ed Nachtrieb raised HK$72,685 (US$9,378) in a “Long Live the People” poster sale for HKFP. Meanwhile, author Kong Tsung-gan donated all of his book proceeds, raising HK$27,640 for HKFP, whilst Mekong Review raised HK$21,000 for us after donating 100 copies. Reader Pishun Tantivangphaisal raised over HK$1,000 by shaving his head. Oliver Ma – a well-known busker – donated HK$21,000 on his 21st birthday to HKFP, Minute Studio ceramicists raised HK$5,300 at a New Year event and Patisserie Anoki raised funds throughout the year for our news team.

NewsStream project progress: In 2019, HKFP won a US$78,400 (HK$615,440) Google News Initiative grant to create an open-source funding platform for small newsrooms focussed on nurturing reader membership. The funds went to third-party developers to help create NewsStream – a fundraising micro-site to reduce barriers and costs for independent news start-ups. Progress was hampered by the 2019 protests and Covid-19, but the project is set to launch in 2021.

Anti-censorship app launched: Thanks to the Greatfire Appmaker project, HKFP launched a special downloadable app which made HKFP viewable in China, where the site is censored. It is available alongside our Android and Apple mobile apps, which relaunched in 2020.

Freelance Charter: With freelance journalists increasingly in the crosshairs, HKFP launched a new Freelance Charter in September to attract, protect and support journalists as well as to help enrich and diversify our coverage. Though we remain a small company on a tight budget, the charter represents a step forward in setting new standards.

HKFP links with HKU JMSC on data project: HKFP provided support to the Journalism and Media Studies Centre at the University of Hong Kong to update and expand its protest research data archive. The archive tracks statistics, arrests, artwork and terminology related to the 2019-2020 anti-extradition law demonstrations.

HKFP appearances: The HKFP story and fight for press freedom appeared in several international newspapers and news shows including in Süddeutsche Zeitung, Tatler, and Neiman Lab, and on Al-Jazeera and the ABC. We also spoke at the Splice digital media conference and staff appeared live on BBC World, ABC, Radio New Zealand, LBC, CTV and DW-TV. Last July, The Guardian printed an op-ed by the founder.

New income streams: HKFP is receiving new income streams through content sales via MSN News and Lexis Nexis.

HKFP History Museum archive project: Days before the Tsim Sha Tsui History Museum closed, HKFP documented all of the display panels and shared the images under a free license amid fears of future censorship.

Live coverage abroad: In 2020, for the first time, HKFP sent a reporter overseas to cover the Taiwanese election.

HKFP Covid-19 children’s book: As part of our public service mission, HKFP commissioned a bilingual, copyright-friendly children’s book to help youngsters understand the Covid-19 outbreak.

Placement & Impact

HKFP 2021 Team

Hong Kong Free Press is structured as a not-for-profit company, limited by guarantee, not shares. HKFP does not answer to any business tycoon, mainland Chinese conglomerate or media mogul. We are run by journalists, and are answerable only to ourselves and our readers.

Hong Kong Free Press would be impossible without the support and assistance of our countless tech, editorial, accounting, freelance staff and volunteers, and The Hive.

Distribution Channels

We seek to ensure our news remains accessible and free of charge. Find us on:

Transparency Report

HKFP Income

As Hong Kong’s most transparent news outlet, and as a non-profit company, HKFP is externally audited annually. Our income during 2019 – our latest audited year – was as follows:

Income2019201820172016
All donationsHK$6,056,859*HK$2,463,408HK$1,769,760HK$1,063,125
Ads & content salesHK$271,066HK$136,084HK$328,759HK$92,276
EventsHK$263,361HK$24,390HK$0HK$8,352
Bank interestHK$226HK$21HK$1HK$12
Total:HK$6,591,512HK$2,623,903HK$2,098,520HK$1,163,765
*Includes HK$303,939 Google grant (first tranche) for NewsStream project (assigned to 3rd party developers; cannot be spent on HKFP running costs).

Our current revenue streams:

  • All donations: includes one-off & monthly Patron contributions by cheque/transfer, cash PayPal & card, as well as merch sales profit & shopping referral links. HKFP also retains 2.51 Bitcoin, as of 2020.
  • Ads & content sales: includes ad income from display ads; Apple News & Facebook ads, directly purchased rate card ads & content sales [from media outlets, institutions and syndication partner LexisNexis, Dow Jones Factiva & Nordot.

Surplus carried forward:

2015 total surplus:HK$91,654
2016 total deficit:-HK$45,569
2017 total surplus:HK$445,796
2018 total surplus:‬HK$574,042‬
2019 total surplus:‬HK$3,698,358‬
  • Surplus recycled: As a non-profit, with no shareholders or investors, HKFP’s surplus was recycled back into the company for use in 2020. As of 2021, HKFP is retaining a HK$1.5m legal defence fund in light of the national security law and new threats to press freedom.
  • Efficiency: HKFP is run as efficiently and prudently as possible, in order to maximise the impact of our donors’ generosity. We make savings by partnering with other media outlets, using free software and making full use of teamwork and automation to save on costs.
  • Staffing: During 2019, we employed 4-5 full-time staff members and expanded our pool of freelancers to cover the city-wide protests and unrest. Before tax, we spent 82% of donations on paying our hard-working staff and freelancers.

HKFP Patrons in 2020: HKFP has shifted towards a membership model. Small amounts of income from a large pool of Patrons helps support our team, sustain our operations with more security, and guarantee our independence. Our monthly income as of January 2021:

  • The number of HKFP Patrons rose by 10% in 2020, whilst income from Patrons rose 16% to HK$172,966. Most Patrons are from Hong Kong, though we also have backers in the US, UK, Australia and China. Growth has slowed since the 539% increase in Patrons we saw in 2019, but income is steady.
  • In addition to the above, we receive at least HK$10,000 per month from donors who contribute via cheque, transfer or by coin donation via CoinDragon.
  • Patrons are given priority and/or free entry to HKFP events, merch and our Annual Report.

HKFP Spending

Our expenditure for our latest audited year – 1/1/2019 to 31/12/2019 – was as follows:

Expenditure2019201820172016
Full-time staff payrollHK$1,606,352HK$1,499,071HK$1,340,230HK$1,035,523
Mandatory Provident Fund (pensions)HK$68,123HK$69,234HK$66,180HK$50,942
Website, newswire text/photo, softwareHK$80,038HK$129,543HK$58,693HK$33,083
Office, sundry, recruitment/training, telecomHK$164,256HK$110,414HK$57,565HK$25,801
Meals/drinks for volunteers & staffHK$29,686HK$14,028HK$17,106HK$25,531
Legal, professional, registration, audit feesHK$12,340HK$7,385HK$45,231HK$10,845
Travel & insuranceHK$50,615HK$78,067HK$8,169HK$8,267
Stationery/merch, postage, printingHK$42,311HK$11,827HK$686HK$17,124
Bank charges & exchange lossesHK$4,240HK$1,705HK$1,170HK$2,218
Freelancer payments & gearHK$289,387HK$64,400HK$34,090HK$0
TaxHK$509,211HK$29,816HK$13,343HK$0
AdvertisingHK$36,597HK$34,371HK$10,261HK$0
Total:HK$2,893,154*HK$2,049,861HK$1,652,724HK$1,209,334
*As part of its 2019 expenditure, HKFP contributed 30% of the cost of its NewsStream Google project, totalling HK$130,204

2021 Priorities

  • Fundraising: By the end of 2021, we will launch our open-source funding platform for small newsrooms, backed by Google’s Asia-Pacific Innovation Challenge. We will launch a 2021 Funding Drive before opening up the platform to all newsrooms to adopt.
  • Platforms: HKFP will relaunch its Instagram strategy in 2021 to better engage young readers. We also plan to invest more in video.
  • Expansion: We will seek to expand our team in 2021 with a sixth full-time staff member and a correspondent in Taiwan. We will also expand our circle of freelancers.

HKFP Citations

HKFP Press Freedom Update

  • In August, Hong Kong Free Press was denied a work visa for a journalist following an almost six-month wait without any explanation. Aaron Mc Nicholas, previously a Bloomberg staffer, was forced to leave the territory, becoming the third Western journalist to be ousted. The move received international attention and was widely condemned by local and international press freedom groups.
  • In December, bookstore Bookazine declined to distribute a book by HKFP political columnist Kent Ewing, citing fears over the national security law.
  • During 2020, HKFP had difficulties printing merch and business cards.

Hong Kong Press Freedom in 2020

A summary of major press freedom incidents in Hong Kong:

January

February

  • Photos of Hong Kong protests were taken down from the website of an international photography contest.

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

  • National security police raided the private office of Jimmy Lai.
  • A district councillor was given a suspended prison sentence for publicly identifying the policeman who allegedly shot an Indonesian journalist in the eye.

November

December

Support HKFP into 2021

Not-for-profit, run by journalists and completely independent, the HKFP team relies on readers to keep us going and to help safeguard press freedom.

Donate by cheque
Our preferred donation method is by cheque or transfer as this saves us on fees. Cheques may be made payable to Hong Kong Free Press Limited and posted – along with your name and address to: HKFP, The Hive Kennedy Town, 6/F, Cheung Hing Industrial Building, 12P Smithfield Road, Kennedy Town, Hong Kong. [Donations are confidential – a paper-trail is required for our internal accountancy records. US$ cheques over US$100 are accepted, though involve higher fees for HKFP.]

Donate online via card or PayPal

One-off or monthly donations can be made with your Visa, Mastercard, or Apple Pay/Google Pay via Stripe on our website: support.hongkongfp.com.

Make a transfer to our HSBC account, directly or via FPS

Faster Payment Service: business@hongkongfp.com or Tel: 9447-3443.

Our HSBC account details: •Account name: Hong Kong Free Press Limited. Account number: 817887532-838. •Bank name: HSBC Hong Kong. Bank address: 1 Queen’s Road Central, Hong Kong. •Bank code: 004. Branch number: 817. SWIFT address: HSBCHKHHHKH

For setting up one-off, or regular, bank transfers, please email a screenshot or phone photo of the receipt/form to donations@hongkongfp.com after you have made arrangements so we may show a paper-trail for our internal accountancy records.

Donate via HSBC PayMe

Scan our QR code to make an HSBC PayMe digital payment.

Donate spare coins

Hoarding a jar of coins? Donate spare change at Coin Dragon machines around the city.

Donate cryptocurrency

Help us eliminate processing fees or make a fully anonymous contribution by donating Bitcoin. Or use the Brave browser to donate Basic Attention Token crypto for free when you visit HKFP. Try the privacy-conscious software: bit.ly/hkfpbrave.

Buy HKFP merchandise

Show your support for press freedom with our range of HKFP merchandise. Made in Hong Kong, designed by artist Badiucao.

Donate gear or sponsor our operations

We welcome donations of new computer or audio-visual equipment. We also welcome sponsorship of our ongoing operational costs – please get in touch if you can support us.

Buy HKFP merchandise

Show your support for press freedom with our range of HKFP merchandise. Made in Hong Kong, designed by artist Badiucao.

Donate gear or sponsor our operations

We welcome donations of new computer or audio-visual equipment. We also welcome sponsorship of our ongoing operational costs – please get in touch if you can support us.

‘Tip’ us with a micro-donation

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Advertise with us

Support us and promote your business or cause at the same time. Request our rate card and consider our affordable range of digital marketing solutions: business@hongkongfp.com

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Tom is the editor-in-chief and co-founder of Hong Kong Free Press. He has a BA in Communications & New Media from Leeds University and an MA in Journalism from the University of Hong Kong. He has contributed to the BBC, Euronews, Quartz, Global Post and others.