Former Hong Kong pro-democracy legislator Leung Kwok-hung, better known as “Long Hair”, has won a lengthy legal battle against the Correctional Services Department, with the top court ruling that compulsory haircuts only for male prisoners amount to sexual discrimination.

The Court of Final Appeal’s three permanent judges unanimously decided on Friday to overturn a lower court’s decision in April 2018.

Leung Kwok-hung
Leung Kwok-hung. Photo: League of Social Democrats.

“The hairstyles for men and women in our society would be quite diverse,” read the judgement written by Court of Final Appeal Chief Justice Geoffrey Ma.

“[The prison standing order] had been subject to semi-annual reviews since its introduction (in the mid 1950s, we are told). If this were so, it seems somewhat unrealistic, if not bizarre, to suggest that [the haircut rule], if it was intended to reflect conventional standards in hair length in society, had not been amended in any way since that time.”

Leung Kwok-hung
Leung Kwok-hung and Avery Ng. Photo: League of Social Democrats.

“I am of the view that less favourable treatment was given to the appellant compared with female prisoners,” Ma concluded. “There has been discrimination on the basis of sex.”

Leung’s trademark locks were shorn in 2014 while serving a jail sentence over a protest. In 2017, he won a judicial review against a rule requiring short hair for male prisoners but not for women.

leung kwok hung longhair haircut suit in 2014
Leung Kwok-hung, “Long Hair.” File

“As I fought this case, I saw how the correctional department had treated male and female prisoners unfairly in their right to haircuts,” Leung told reporters as he stepped out of the courthouse on Friday, i-Cable news reported.

“But there are too many things that are unjust in Hong Kong,” he added. “Hongkongers are facing too much political injustice, and this could not be resolved in courts. I hope Hong Kong’s judicial system can do its best to maintain its fairness.”

The crux of the case rested on whether male prisoners were treated less favourably than female prisoners.

Leung Kwok-hung
Photo: League of Social Democrats.

The judgement noted that the Commissioner of the Correctional Services Department had given inconsistent arguments and could not explain why the rule would not constitute less favourable treatment. The Commissioner had said the haircuts rule was to ensure “hygiene and cleanliness” of male prisoners, that security risks were higher for male prisoners than female as their long hair could be used to hide weapons, and that the rule was intended to maintain “custodian discipline” among prisoners.

The Commissioner was also unable to provide evidence that the conventional hairstyle for men in Hong Kong is short, while it could be either long or short for women, the judgement said.

Support HKFP  |  Policies & Ethics  |  Error/typo?  |  Contact Us  |  Newsletter  | Transparency & Annual Report | Apps

Help safeguard press freedom & keep HKFP free for all readers by supporting our team

contribute to hkfp methods
YouTube video

Support press freedom & help us surpass 1,000 monthly Patrons: 100% independent, governed by an ethics code & not-for-profit.

Success! You're on the list.

Selina Cheng is a Hong Kong journalist who previously worked with HK01, Quartz and AFP Beijing. She also covered the Umbrella Movement for AP and reported for a newspaper in France. Selina has studied investigative reporting at the Columbia Journalism School.