Chief Executive Carrie Lam has said that her second policy address included around 25 new measures.

Many gave focus to the Lantau reclamation plan, the national security law and family-friendly policies, but there were other significant policies unveiled in the 2018 agenda:

Carrie Lam.
Photo: Holmes Chan/HKFP.
1. Banning e-cigarettes

Despite the government’s previous intention to regulate e-cigarettes, Lam proposed a total ban in order to protect the health of the public. She wrote that the decision was made after the medical professions, education sector, parents and many members of the public expressed concern about the adoption of a regulatory approach.

“Often packaged as less harmful substitutes with promotion tactics targeted at youngsters and non-smokers, these products open a gateway to the eventual consumption of conventional cigarettes,” she wrote.

e-cigarette device
e-cigarette device. Photo: Pixabay.

“The fact is: all these new smoking products are harmful to health and produce second-hand smoke. There is also a lack of sufficient evidence to prove that these products can help quit smoking.”

“The public may underestimate the harmful effects of these products and eventually endorse the smoking image and relevant behaviours once again.”

2. Waiving bus tunnel fares

Lam announced that the government will pay for franchised buses’ tolls at the Western Harbour Crossing, to slow fare increases. Citybus and KMB, the two largest bus companies, welcomed the move.

Cross-harbour tunnel
Cross-harbour tunnel. File photo:

She also said the government will review the tolls for private cars, taxis and motorcycles at the three cross-harbour tunnels to alleviate traffic congestion.

Unnamed government sources told Ming Pao that the toll for private cars at the Western Harbour Crossing is expected to drop from HK$70 to HK$50, but fares at the Cross-Harbour Tunnel and the Eastern Harbour Crossing will increase to HK$40 from HK$20 and HK$25 respectively.

3. MPF offset

Lam said that the Mandatory Provident Fund scheme “offsetting” arrangement will be abolished. Under the arrangement, employers are currently able to use employees’ retirement programme funds to cover their long-service and severance payments.

policy address protest lam
A protester demanding a universal pension scheme. Photo:

As compensation for employers, the government will commit HK$29.3 billion in subsidies for up to 25 years.

The goal, Lam said, was to pass legislation by 2022 to abolish the arrangement.

4. Elderly flat-swapping scheme

Lam said the government will introduce a flat-swapping scheme for elderly people living in public housing.

Hong Kong’s elderly population. Photo: GovHK.

Under the scheme, under-occupied households – where family members are all aged 70 or above – will be granted lifetime free rent if they move to small, new or refurbished units.

The government will also introduce a scheme for those who are over 60 years old and have owned their public housing flats for at least ten years. They can sell their original flats and then buy a smaller public housing flat in the secondary market without payment of premium.

Kris Cheng is a Hong Kong journalist with an interest in local politics. His work has been featured in Washington Post, Public Radio International, Hong Kong Economic Times and others. He has a BSSc in Sociology from the Chinese University of Hong Kong. Kris is HKFP's Editorial Director.