By Jack Hu.

Last week, popular American-Taiwanese singer Christine Fan received an avalanche of online bullying after she uploaded a photo of her baby twins’ during China’s World War II military parade. Her crime, according to the trolls, was not being patriotic enough, even though Fan’s nationality is American and China is not her homeland.

Fan ended up deleting the photo and apologizing. The outpouring of hate in the name of love of country was disturbing to many Chinese, especially on the occasion of a parade meant to showcase China’s determination in fighting against fascism of the era, which itself promoted a virulent form of nationalism.

Posters during Cultural Revolution. Photo: Wikicommons.

For some, it also was reminiscent of a popular pattern of speech used during the Cultural Revolution, a violent political movement in the 1960s and 70s that sought to reassert the Chinese Communist Party’s power and purge any undesirables from society. This meant even the most mundane topics of conversation began with a lofty declaration of an individual’s patriotism.

Chinese patriotism meets kitchen appliances

After Fan came under attack, well-known writer Li Haiping parodied that form of speaking on popular Chinese social media site Weibo:

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[mks_tab_item title=”Translation”]
Long live the motherland, who knows which company sells refrigerators that are broad and flat?[/mks_tab_item]
[mks_tab_item title=”Original Quote”]
祖国万岁,谁知道,什么牌子有又宽又扁的冰箱?[/mks_tab_item]
[/mks_tabs]

The question attracted thousands of responses written in the same style. Unfortunately, the post was scrubbed by censors quickly for being politically incorrect. In addition to the filtering of sensitive terms, reports from individuals such as the “civilization volunteers” on politically sensitive contents can easily bring down a post. Some comments were backed up on China Digital Times and selectively translated below:

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[mks_tab_item title=”Translation”]
Support domestic goods and avoid Japanese products, everyone should watch the military parade! I still feel Panasonic refrigerators are better……[/mks_tab_item]
[mks_tab_item title=”Original Quote”]
支持国货抵制日货,全民一起看阅兵!冰箱我觉得还是松下的好……[/mks_tab_item]
[/mks_tabs]

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[mks_tab_item title=”Translation”]
The communist party is the best! The Haier BCD-521WDPW refrigerator is about 65 centimeters high, basically the flattest[/mks_tab_item]
[mks_tab_item title=”Original Quote”]
共产党最好!海尔BCD-521WDPW大概65公分厚的对开门冰箱,基本是最薄了[/mks_tab_item]
[/mks_tabs]

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[mks_tab_item title=”Translation”]
All the imperialists are paper tigers. Don’t buy Chinese-made products [refrigerators included].[/mks_tab_item]
[mks_tab_item title=”Original Quote”]
一切帝国主义都是纸老虎。中国制造不要买。[/mks_tab_item]
[/mks_tabs]

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[mks_tab_item title=”Translation”]
Class struggle always works. Hisense has one, but it’s doors don’t close firmly?[/mks_tab_item]
[mks_tab_item title=”Original Quote”]
阶级斗争一抓就灵。海信有一款,不过门关不紧?[/mks_tab_item]
[/mks_tabs]

The dangers of extreme patriotism

On Weibo, Beijing University professor Hu Xingdou explained that the trend toward extreme patriotism was a historically risky one:

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[mks_tab_item title=”Translation”]
When asked about the issue of the singer being assaulted by netizens online, I answered that extreme patriotism out of ignorance like that of the Boxers and Nazis has great destructive power and always lead to extreme nationalism and fascism. Extreme patriotism and nationalism are the biggest dangers to China now. Responsible politicians should stop its spread and lead people to return to the universal values of humankind, preventing the country from going the evil way of the Boxers or Cultural Revolution.[/mks_tab_item]
[mks_tab_item title=”Original Quote”]
记者问艺人被网友围攻事件,我(胡星斗)说由于愚昧无知,极端的爱国主义如义和团、希特勒纳粹具有极大的破坏力,往往走向极端民族主义、法西斯主义。极端爱国主义、民族主义是当前中国最大的危险。有责任感的政治家应制止其蔓延,回归人类文明的普世价值,防止国家再次走上义和团、文革的邪路。[/mks_tab_item]
[/mks_tabs]

The Boxer Rebellion (1899 and 1901) was an anti-imperialist uprisings attempting to drive all foreigners from China through violence. The Boxers, called the Yihequan which means “Righteous and Harmonious Fists” in Chinese, were organized in a form of religious secret society and they launched attack against foreigners at night in major cities to express their anger against foreign invasion.

The Boxer Rebellion. Photo: Wikicommons.

Hu’s opinion was echoed by many, like the Financial Times China columnist “Rabbit Old Fool”:

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[mks_tab_item title=”Translation”]
Fascists hysterically force others to love the country — love their master’s country. Being unpatriotic surprisingly becomes a crime in China.[/mks_tab_item]
[mks_tab_item title=”Original Quote”]
法西斯分子在亢奋之余歇斯底里地逼人爱国——爱他们主子的国家。在中国,不爱国竟然是一桩罪。[/mks_tab_item]
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In China, some fear that the patriotism promoted by the millions of online “civilization volunteers” under the coordination of the Communist Youth League could promote the rampant growth of extreme left-wing powers and lead to a resurrection of the Cultural Revolution. By mirroring their aggressive patriotism, Li Haipeng is inviting these individuals to look at their own ridiculous reflections. Here’s hoping they have a sense of history — and humor.

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